Journal of Exceptional Children

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Journal of Exceptional Children - Journal articles for year 2019, Volume 19, Number 1
Updated: 1 month 2 weeks ago

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for parents of slow-paced people: A Systematic review and meta-analysis

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21

Objective: Mindful-based interventions have been the focus of attention among the third wave of cognitive-behavioral followers, in recent years. A variety of interventional techniques such as acceptance, emotional control, cognitive restructuring are increasingly incorporated into the interventional framework directed to help slow-paced population parents and caregivers. Method: The present study was a meta-analysis investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in alleviating the psychological problems related to slow-paced people parents and Caregivers. 7 studies were selected with a total of 211 participants: 181 mothers and 22 fathers of slow-paced population. Results: The results indicated the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in reducing stress and improving the psychological factors such as mental health, life expectancy, parenting skills and interactive strategies among the target population.

The Effectiveness of reality group therapy on irrational beliefs, psychological hardiness and academic achievement of brilliant talented students of secondary school

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21
Abstract
      Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of reality group therapy on irrational beliefs, psychological hardiness and academic achievement of brilliant talented students. Method: This study was a experimental, pre-test, post-test and control group with 6-month follow-up. The statistical population of the study consisted of brilliant talented students of secondary school in 2017. To conduct the research,40 brilliant talented students of secondary school sampling and randomly assigned to the experimental and control group. To assess the pre-test and before the intervention, students completed the Jones Irrational Beliefs (IBT) Questionnaire and Kobasa's (1990) Psychological Hardiness Scale, and were also recorded their grades. In the next stage, 8 sessions of reality group therapy were performed for the experimental group, but the control group did not receive any intervention. At the end of the intervention, the questionnaire was completed in the post-test and follow-up stages by the students. Data were analyzed through covariance analysis. Results: The results showed that reality group therapy was effective in reducing irrational beliefs, increasing the psychological hardiness and academic achievement of brilliant talented students of secondary school(P<%5). This work has remained steady during the six months follow up. Conclusion: Reality group therapy can be used as a suitable method for improving the psychological and educational status of brilliant talented students of secondary school.

 

Effectiveness of Cognitive Captain's Log Software on Visual-Spatial Perception of Student with Learning Disabilities

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21
Purpose: The purpose of this study was the Effectiveness cognitive Captain's Log software on visual-spatial perception for student with learning disability. Method: This research was a  pretest-posttest design with control group. The statistical population consisted of all students with learning disabilities who were referred to educational and rehabilitation centers of students with specific learning problems (governmental and nongovernmental) Tehran in 1395. Twenty-two individuals were randomly selected into two groups of 12 (control and experimental) and then the experimental group was trained during the twelve sessions of the captcha log cognitive software training program and did not receive any interventional control group. Before and after intervention, Stanford Binet's IQ test was used to measure spatial visual perception. Data were analyzed using one-variable covariance and multivariate analysis. Results: The results of this study showed that the effect of Captain's Log cognitive software on spatial perception of students with learning disabilities was 0/811 (p<0.01), spatial visual perception was 0/598 (p<0.01) and on the memory of non-verbal-spatial visual perception was 0/367(p<0.01).Conclusion: Considering the advantages of the captain log software on the visual-spatial perception of students, it is recommended that this software be taught to teachers of students with learning disabilities.

Process of Effect of Language Development on Behavior Problems in Children with Cochlear Implanted: the Mediating role of Private Speech and Self-Regulation

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21

Objective: The main purpose of this study is to predict behavior problems by language development and secure attachment based on mediation role of self-regulation in cochlear implanted children. Method: In this correlation study 114 available cochlear implanted children in the age range of 3-7 years that at least one year has passed from the Cochlear Implant program were selected with available sampling method. Test of language development (Newcomer and Hammill, 1997), and Structured Observation of Behavioral Regulation (Ponitz and et al, 2008) were administered on children, and their mothers responded to Private speech scale (Amraei, 2016) and Preschool Children Behavioral Disorder (Shahim and Yousefi, 1999). Path analysis was employed in order to analyze the data. Results: The results of the study showed that language development (b= 0/60, P<0/01) predicting %36 of variance of private speech. Also, language development (b= 0/45, P<0/01) and private speech (b= 0/28, P<0/01) have the ability to predict %52 of self-regulation. Finally, language development (b= -0/23, P<0/01) with the mediating role of private speech (b=- 0/33, P<0/01) and self-regulation (b= -0/29, P<0/01) have the ability to predict %53 variance of behavior problem. Conclusion: The research showed behavior problems can be predicted by Language development, with the mediating role of private speech and self-regulation, in cochlear implanted children. This result can apply in prediction and rehabilitation programs for reducing behavior problems. 

comparison of the effectiveness of Narrative therapy (cognitive-behavioral) and Psychodrama on Social self- empowerment and Alexithymia in female students with specific learning disorder

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21
Abstract
The present research aimed to draw a comparison of the effectiveness of  Narrative therapy (cognitive-behavioral) and Psychodrama on Social self- empowerment and Alexithymia in female students with specific learning disorder in Baharestan City.Method a experimental research with pre-test, post-test, and control group. The statistical population of the present research included all female students the sixth grade with special learning disabilities, those  who studied in the academic year of 97-96 Which are identified and identified by WISC-IV ( 2003)    in the psychometric section of counseling centers.  .Therefore, a sample of 48 female students the sixth grade with special learning disabilities with the Colorado learning difficulties Questionnaire (Wilkat et al., 2011)  , social self-empowerment questionnaire (Prandin, 2006) and Alexithymia Questionnaire (Toronto, 1994) by simple random sampling from counseling centers (underwent Supervision Education) ) located in Baharestan City And randomly divided into three groups (two experimental and one control group) and underwent the therapy and training in Razi Consulting center.Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics of multivariate covariance analysis (MANCOVA) and one variable (ANCOVA) and Bonferroni . post hoc test using SPSS software.The results showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental groups influenced by Narrative therapy and Psychodrama in terms Social self- empowerment and Alexithymia (P <0.01) .Conclusion, according to the comparison of the difference among the mean of the two experimental groups, in increase  of Social self- empowerment variable and decreasing the Alexithymia
  highest effect was related   Narrative therapy and Then Psychodrama .
 

Comparison of the Efficiency of Sensory Systems Involved in Postural Control of the congenital Deaf and Blind

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the Efficiency of Sensory Systems Involved in Postural Control of the congenital Deaf and Blind. Method: This study was a cross-sectional study. The statistical population of the study included all the congenital deaf and blind people in Qazvin city, among whom, according to entry criteria and non-entry criteria, 23 congenital students (12 boys and 11 girls) and 16 Congenital blind students (10 males and 6 females) were selected through targeted sampling. The Nashner postural control test was used to measure the performance of each sensory system involved in postural control. Data were analyzed by an independent t-test using SPSS software (P ≤ 0.05). Results: According to the results, in the situation without sensory interference (p = 0.003) and in the dominant position of the visual system (p = 0.004), the deaf group had a better balance function, but in the predominance of the somatosensory system (p = 0.001) and dominant vestibular system (p = 0.001), the blind showed better performance than the deaf. Conclusion: It seems in the absence of the visual system, people find the most dependent on the somatosensory, and the deaf people rely on data from the visual information to maintain greater balance, and in the second, the somatosensory system plays a secondary role in these individuals.
Key words: Somatosensory, Vision system, Vestibular system, Deaf & Blind congenital
 

An investigation and comparison of lexical knowledge of deaf and hearing children

Tue, 07/09/2019 - 23:21

Abstract
Objectives
: The present study examines the lexical knowledge of deaf children in two age groups of 9-10 and 10-11 years old with two groups of normal hearing children of 9-10 and 10-11 years old. Method: This study is a casual-comparative study. The achievement of 16 deaf children (ages 9-10 and 10-11 years old) and 16 hearing children (ages 9-10 and 10-11 years old) were examined on a vocabulary assessment task which consists of two tasks namely a lexical decision task and a use decision task. The target words in both tasks represent the vocabulary children should have at the end of primary school.
Results and conclusion: The results show that most hearing pupils reached this norm, whereas most of deaf pupils did not. In addition, results show that deaf pupils not only knew fewer words, but they knew them less well. Additionally, comparison of the two tasks demonstrated the efficacy of the lexical decision task as a measure of lexical semantic knowledge